The department of business which looks into the management of capital is referred to as finance. The practice involves the careful monitoring of various individual’s investment ventures to ascertain that they produce more desirable outcomes in the form of income. Analysis of the various risks that may pose some interference with a person’s income is therefore involved in finance. Capital in finance is always weighed with a comparison to the rate of investment returns, the value of assets and the possible risks that they face. Finance is a vast discipline which has been subdivided into three categories.
Personal finance refers to all activities that in one way or the other, affect the financial status of an individual. Having considered this, the financial position of a person is looked into with regards to the environmental factors that can influence his financial position to determine how they will bring about the changes. In consideration is the net cash flow that occurs as a result of movement of money into and out of a person’s hands and his ideal status in regards to his financial capabilities. Having been enlightened about his financial position, the individual therefore takes efforts of making sure that his financial position remains stable or improves. To be able to meet this goal; a person must undertake the process of discovering the various financial uncertainties that he faces and comes up with strategies to solve them, identify ways of managing his tax levels, establish what will be the goals of his investment plans as well as arrange the relevant retirement plans.
Corporate finance is described to as the field of finance that looks into how companies can source for their capital and the various management measures that are taken by those in charge of the company to ensure that their owners can get value from their business. The practice of minimizing the risks a business faces and in the process create profit for the organization and the its owners is what the discipline of corporate finance deals with.
With regards to the field, the allocation of money to the various investment ventures that are considered worthy to pursue despite the numerous alternatives that may be in place. The ability to acquire money is important in establishing the financial powers of a firm.
The financial activities of the various bodies which have been given the mandate to rule in over a specific region such as country, county, municipality and province is referred to as public finance. The investment projects undertaken by the governing bodies are supposed to address the needs of the people. The capital acquisition and payment procedure is therefore looked into by the governing bodies.