The several diseases caused by exposure to asbestos dust are:
1. Lung cancer
As with cigarettes, asbestos dust is also one of the causes of lung cancer. As we have seen, asbestos is a fibrous mineral that can produce dust under certain conditions such as when asbestos is damaged. And if inhaled, then in a long period of time the dust will experience precipitation in the lungs. In this case, the dust will settle in the bronchioles or the walls of the respiratory tract which later in the advanced stages can spread to other organs.
As a result of exposure to high intensity and in a long period of time (around 30 to 40 years), asbestos dust can manifest to cause mesothelioma, which is a type of cancer that attacks the mesothelium which is a protective layer that surrounds the abdomen, lungs, chest, and other internal organs. Asbestos dust can damage the DNA of the mesothelium, so that these conditions will interfere with cell growth.
This is a disease that occurs due to the appearance of scar tissue in the lungs which causes respiratory problems such as shortness of breath, and disruption of oxygen when entering the blood. A person diagnosed with asbestosis can experience some symptoms such as:
Out of breath
Shortness and pain in the chest
Loss of appetite
The sound of the lungs when breathing.
There is no cure for this disease. However, the doctor will help patients to deal with symptoms that may arise, such as oxygen therapy for patients who experience shortness of breath and have low blood oxygen levels.
4. Pleural plaques
Other harmful effects of asbestos exposure are the appearance of spots on the lining of the lungs. When a person is exposed to asbestos dust, it will cause scarring and inflammation in the lungs. This condition will eventually lead to the emergence of pleural plaques. Asbestos exposure that occurs continuously will make pleural plaque continue to develop and these conditions can cause lung capacity to decrease. A person with pleural plaque may not experience any symptoms, but in some cases the symptoms that may be experienced by people with this disease include:
Out of breath
Shortness of breath
Disorders of lung function
In general, this disease arises in the parietal pleura, such as the lower part of the chest, saving the apex, and costophrenic. But pleural plaques are also often found in the mediastinal pleura, and rarely occur in the visceral pleura.
5. Pleural effusion
This is a disease caused by accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity that occurs abnormally or excessively. This condition is one of the complications of mesothelioma disease. The pleural cavity is the part that lies between the membranes that line the lungs. This disease can cause obstruction of lung function, so patients will experience difficulty in breathing.
In most cases, pleural effusion does not show any symptoms. However, the symptoms that often arise from this disease are:
Out of breath
The onset of pain in the chest, especially in the chest wall (above the occurrence of inflammation). But pain can also arise in the upper abdomen, neck and shoulder. The pain can disappear along with increasing fluid in the pleural cavity.
Risk of Asbestos Exposure Control
From the explanation above, we can know that the use of asbestos has a variety of risks of the emergence of dangerous diseases. For this reason, there is a need to anticipate so that we and those closest to us can avoid exposure to the fibers. for more information : Asbestos removal Brisbane These efforts include:
Replacing materials containing asbestos with safer materials for building construction. For example with cardboard, ardex, or with zinc plasterboard.
Equip yourself with safety equipment such as masks, gloves, glasses, change clothes when doing work that requires direct contact with asbestos
Replace damaged asbestos material with new ones
To avoid the release of asbestos fibers, it is better to paint asbestos before applying.
Watering asbestos material during and after work.
Keep children away from ingredients that contain asbestos
Minimizing direct contact with asbestos
Provide a space between the asbestos and other spaces.
Do not mix asbestos waste with other waste